WASHINGTON – The infrastructure bill that President Biden seeks to get through Congress is designed to create jobs and boost projects for companies like Anchor Construction, which specialize in repairing aging bridges and roads in the country’s capital.
But with baby boomers aging and not having enough young people to replace them, John M. Irvine, senior vice president at Anchor, worries that there won’t be enough manpower for all of these new projects.
“I would be surprised if a company out there says they are ready for this,” said Mr. Irvine, whose company employs about a dozen skilled workers, pipelayers and concrete pavers. If the bill goes through Congress, the company will most likely have to double the number of employees it is hiring.
“We need to increase staff,” said Mr Irvine. “And no, there aren’t enough skilled workers to fill these jobs.”
Mr Biden has hailed the $ 1 trillion infrastructure bill as a way to create millions of jobs, but as the country faces a severe skilled labor shortage, researchers and economists say it could be difficult for businesses to to fill all of these positions.
The bill could create new jobs in industries vital to the maintenance of the country’s public labor systems, such as: B. Construction, Transportation and Energy. S&P Global Ratings estimated the bill would increase productivity and economic growth and add $ 1.4 trillion to the US economy over eight years. However, if there are not enough workers to keep up with demand, efforts to strengthen the country’s highways, bridges and public transport could be undone.
“Do we have the workforce now ready to take care of it? Absolutely not, ”said Beverly Scott, vice chairman of the president’s National Infrastructure Advisory Council.
Understand the Infrastructure Act
- A trillion dollar package passed. The Senate passed a comprehensive bipartisan infrastructure package on Aug. 10 that concludes weeks of intense negotiations and debates on the largest federal investment in the nation’s aging public construction system in more than a decade.
- The final vote. The final balance in the Senate was 69 votes to 30 against. Legislation, yet to be passed in the House of Representatives, would touch almost every facet of the American economy and strengthen the nation’s response to planet warming.
- Main Spending Areas. Overall, the bipartisan plan focuses on spending on transportation, utilities, and removing pollution.
- transport. About $ 110 billion would be used on roads, bridges, and other transportation projects; $ 25 billion for airports; and $ 66 billion for the railroad, giving Amtrak most of the funding it has received since it was founded in 1971.
- Utilities. The Senators have also raised $ 65 billion to connect hard-to-reach rural communities to high-speed internet and attract low-income urban dwellers who can’t afford it, and $ 8 billion for western water infrastructure.
- Cleaning up pollution: Approximately $ 21 billion would be used to rehabilitate abandoned wells and mines, as well as Superfund sites.
A recent survey by the US Chamber of Commerce found that 88 percent of commercial construction companies reported moderate to severe difficulties finding skilled workers, and more than a third had to turn off work due to labor shortages. The industry could face a labor shortage of at least two million workers by 2025, according to an estimate by Construction Industry Resources, a Kentucky data company.
The pandemic has exacerbated labor shortages as sectors such as construction boom in home projects, with more people teleworking and moving to the suburbs. Contractors also faced supply shortages as prices for products such as lumber and steel skyrocketed.
Construction jobs have skyrocketed after the industry lost more than a million jobs at the start of the pandemic. According to an analysis by Associated Builders and Contractors, job vacancies in construction have increased 12 percent from pre-pandemic levels. However, according to data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the sector has still lost around 232,000 jobs since February 2020.
The topic underscores an everlasting challenge for the craft. Not enough young people are entering the sectors, which worries businesses as older workers retire from construction, carpentry and plumbing trades. And although many positions in specialist retailers have competitive wages and lower educational barriers, newer generations see a four-year college degree as the standard route to success.
Infrastructure workers tend to be older than average, which is cause for concern that workers are retiring and leaving hard-to-fill positions. For example, the average age of construction and building inspectors is 53 years, compared to 42.5 years for all workers across the country. According to an analysis by the Brookings Institution, only 10 percent of infrastructure workers are under 25, while 13 percent of all U.S. workers are in that age group.
“The challenge is, how can we replace – not just grow, but replace – not just grow, but replace many of the workers who are retiring or leaving their jobs?” Said Joseph W. Kane, a fellow at the Brookings Institution. “A lot of people, especially younger ones, don’t even know that these jobs exist.”
Community colleges that offer a variety of vocational training programs have seen a sharp drop in enrollments. A recent estimate by the National Student Clearinghouse Research Center found community colleges were the hardest hit of all colleges, with enrollments falling 9.5 percent this spring. According to the report, more than 65 percent of total enrollment losses for students at community colleges this spring occurred.
Nicholas Kadavy, a third generation bricklayer who owns Nebraska Masonry in Lincoln, Neb., Has tripled his workload since April. He said his company had already planned the work by June 2022.
He wants to hire more skilled bricklayers to finish the projects sooner, but he can’t find enough people to fill the dozen positions he has open, even though he’s willing to pay up to $ 50 an hour – double as much as before the pandemic. He checks his emails every day and waits for further applications.
“My biggest problem is finding people who want to work,” said Kadavy.
Even if he heard from applicants, according to Mr. Kadavy, he could not hire many of them because they were not qualified enough. He said he had seen a shortage of skilled masons even before the pandemic, and he feared that the craft would “die” because newer generations stopped pursuing the field.
The country’s public transportation systems would receive $ 39 billion as part of the infrastructure bill, allowing authorities to expand the service and upgrade the decade-old infrastructure. But transport companies are struggling with their own labor shortages and are faced with a shortage of bus drivers, subway operators and maintenance technicians.
Metro Transit in Minneapolis is trying to hire about 100 bus drivers by the end of the year, said Brian Funk, the agency’s acting chief operating officer. The agency originally intended to hire 70 people by the end of June, but it only achieved about half of that goal.
Although he is optimistic that the agency can fill these remaining positions after stepping up efforts to promote the positions, he said he is still cautious if some workers choose to leave.
“We know that there is the potential every day for someone else to either retire or move on to a different job,” said Funk.
Some are optimistic that policymakers will be able to expand human resource development programs to keep up with the demand that the Infrastructure Act would create. Projects could take several months to start, economists said, giving the country time to train unskilled workers.
“These problems are not insurmountable,” said Nicole Smith, chief economist at Georgetown University Center on Education and the Workforce. “Having an insufficiently trained workforce is something that can be addressed.”
Others, however, are concerned that the bill will not be enough to draw more people into infrastructure areas, especially historically underrepresented groups such as women and people of color. Although Mr. Biden initially proposed a $ 100 billion investment in human resource development, that funding has been left out in the latest version of the bipartisan infrastructure law. Among other things, the funding has invested in vocational training for former prisoners and created millions of registered apprenticeships.
Last week, the National Skills Coalition and more than 500 other organizations sent a letter to the Congress leadership asking them to put funding into a separate reconciliation bill.
“President Biden has promised that economic recovery will depend on justice,” said Andy Van Kleunen, chairman of the National Skills Coalition. “Workforce training has to be part of that answer.”